Russell, E. W. (2008). Commentary on Loring and Larrabee's reanalysis of Reitan's original studies. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 22(3), 519-523.
The article by Loring and Larrabee (see record <RelatedUID>2006-07892-002</RelatedUID>) used effect size to compare Reitan's original Halstead Index (HI) data with Wechsler Bellevue Intelligence Scale (W-B) data. The results may be interpreted to support the concept that Halstead's concept of "biological" and "psychometric" intelligence was a form of "fluid" and "crystallized" intelligence. Except for three unused subtests, HI tests were fluid, while W-B performance tests were somewhat fluid and the W-B verbal tests were crystallized. Thus, the mean effect size of the normally used HI tests was almost twice that of W-B tests' mean size. The fluid nature of the HI tests provides their sensitivity to brain damage. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved)