DeClue, G., (4/14/04). An introduction to the psychology of interrogations and confessions. WebPsychEmpiricist. Retrieved (date) from:

There is a growing body of information, including naturalistic observation and empirical research, regarding the psychology of interrogations and confessions. While consideration of this information may be unnecessary for determinations of voluntariness of confessions which have been extracted with obvious methods such as physical torture, consideration of this research is necessary when it is argued that a retracted confession was extracted via psychological coercion. The legal standard requires consideration of the totality of the circumstances, which includes the psychological characteristics of the suspect, the circumstances of the interrogation, the suspect’s mental and physical state at the time of the interrogation, and the interrogation methods employed. A forensic psychologist with knowledge, training, and experience in the psychology of interrogations and confessions can assist the court in properly deciding legal questions involving interrogations and confessions.

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